Steyr 16 S 23 S35 4x2 Tractor with Mobile X-Ray Trailer Unit

In 1992 the Austrian Armed Forces acquired several tractor-trailer units for mobile x-ray stations that were to be used for tuberculosis-screening. Since there was no intention of ever taking such units off the paved roads, conventional medium-weight civilian-type tractor units from Steyr were selected, and with the low weight of the trailers (6 tons) the 230 HP engine was by far sufficient. Both trailer and tractor (rear axle) were equipped with air-ride suspensions to better protect the sensitive x-ray units. Due to the relatively high electric power demand of the x-ray unit, the trailers were not equipped with on-board generators, but instead every Austrian barracks got one high-power 380V electric outlet installed, and these x-ray units would typically be parked next to these outlets.

Offroad Truck, D, 3 t (Steyr 580 g/4WD)

When the Austrian Army was re-established after WW2 and the occupation period in 1956, the domestic vehicle industry had already started to develop new post-war trucks. Steyr Daimler Puch had introduced its post-war truck line with the Type 370, shortly to be replaced with the first Diesel Type 380 (of which only a small number was procured by the Army). The Type 480 became the first post-war medium supply truck that entered Army service. Over the years, its WD 413 4-cylinder Diesel engine saw several modifications (increasing in power to 95 HP), however the Army clearly demanded a 4WD-version to replace the large number of light and medium US-trucks left behind by the occupational forces.

Truck, D, 3 t (Steyr 380)

Immediately after reforming the Austrian Military in 1956, plans started to replace the motor vehicles left behind by the allied occupation forces with Austrian-manufactured equipment. The Steyr truck plant had already commenced manufacturing of the light Steyr 2000 A truck in 1945 – mainly from existing parts stock – and in 1947 they presented the Steyr 370, the first new truck model after the war. It was powered by a V8 gasoline engine, however the urgent need for re-motorization of the country made fuel economy not too much of an issue. Just one year later however, Steyr’s new WD 413 4-cylinder diesel engine was introduced in the new Type 380.

High-Mobility Truck, 1 t (710 Pinzgauer) Prototype

By the mid-1960s the Austrian Army started looking for a replacement for the aging Dodge light trucks left behind by the US occupational forces upon their departure in 1956. Austrian manufacturers Steyr-Daimler-Puch and ÖAF responded to this request and started development of light trucks with 1 (and later 1-½) ton payload. While ÖAF based their development on a downsized version of their heavy truck family, Steyr decided to expand its well-proven light Haflinger high-mobility vehicle with its central tube chassis. The two resulting vehicles were the ÖAF 2-90 „Husar“ (see also the history of our Husar on this homepage) and the Steyr-Daimler-Puch Pinzgauer, and first prototypes were tested by the Army starting in 1966/67.